In no distinct order I have listed below a number of different helpful websites representing organizations, writings, and projects that one in or studying journalism might find useful.
Organizations Dedicated to Journalism
Committee to Protect Journalists: Generally, if a journalist is in danger, aside from appealing to their home country, this organization is on the front lines to help out. In looking at their 2015 tax return, they sent tens of thousands of "journalists in distress" at least seven times. Above that, they monitor the world and assess the danger in reporting in a particular area, and they track cases of violence or imprisonment of journalists. They also work for journalists and first amendment rights worldwide. They are very deserving of donations, and do not hold much money as some other non-profits I've looked at thus far. Located in New York.
Wikipedia : The world's most used Encyclopedia, as well as many other information distribution projects. It is generally crowdsourced by amateurs, and requires a source published on the internet. Potential for fallibility is a certainty, and digesters of this information should be wary and consider the sources and edit history of the page. Otherwise, and especially for non-controversial subjects, this is the most complete and satisfactory compendium of knowledge.
Countable.us - This is a beautifully constructed website that follows all of our (U.S.) Representatives, enabling real-time voting alerts. It then goes through all of the bills and executive orders and laws being constructed and argued and organizes by issue, then offers short descriptions for and against. I sheepishly admit that this is the product I wanted to build with journalism, and very close to what I wanted to see in the debates sections of this site. This is a stunning site and should be visited.
American Press Institute: It was initially a part of Columbia University's Journalism School, but moved to Arlington, Virginia in 1974. In 2012, API merged with the Newspaper Association of America, and they continue to operate as a non-profit organization. It is directed by Tom Rosenstiel, author of one of the most influential books on the philosophy of journalism, "The Elements of Journalism." The Institute's main objective is in leading seminars and conferences, as well as building coalitions that conduct research. They also do generate some content. They are worth looking at for their curated lists much like this one.
Project Censored: This is a California-area organization that is most known for publishing an annual list of the 25 most ignored stories by the "mass media," covered by alternative newspapers (think your city's 'artsy newspaper,' not Trump-staff alternafacts).They are aligned with many colleges in California as a means to study news media, and they reach more people through radio affiliates with some original programming. They are a very small group (five people) with little money. They operate with about $50,000 yearly.
Journalism Schools and Their Projects
Poynter: This is an institute that was founded as a school. It is one of the largest journalism schools, and is a non-profit organization that couples with many other journalism organizations. The school is known for its digital teaching. They also produce and develop a lot of content. They have an association with the Tampa Bay Times and the school is located in Florida.
Notable Papers, Articles, and Research
Design Solutions for Fake News: Eli Pariser, a tech-media guy who presided over MoveOn.org for a while in the aughts threw out a link to a Google Docs initiative that anyone could contribute to. In turned into quite an organized, major repository for commentary and all of the projects that are being worked on to improve the media. I believe the project had a name, but the document itself is now called Media ReDesign. A lot of the material from this page, in one way or another, is from this document. Well worth the time going through.
Pew Research Center: While this could fall under a number of different categories, Pew oh so wittily describes itself as a non-partisan fact-tank. They are based in Washington and handle a lot of the opinion polling and demographic information, and are one of the most cited resources used in news stories. It is a 501(c)(3) institution well-funded from trusts of the Sun Oil family, so it will be around for a long time.
Longform.org: I discovered that this website had slightly beaten me to the punch in aggregating the best longform articles on the web in 2010. They are funded by the University of Pittsburgh, and have a tremendous archive of articles, adding about three a day. They also have a podcast, in which journalists interview the most prominent journalists about their craft. There is a lot of information not available on the written net that I amass from the podcasts.
arXiv.org: This is a technically a non-peer-reviewed archive of free journal-quality papers that will be submitted or didn't get accepted in the fields of mathematics, physics, computer sciences, finance, and other science fields. The quality is outstanding, and you can get a feel for where the different fields are in terms of progress, if you can understand it, It is housed by Cornell University, and developed by Paul Ginsbarg.
Online Privacy Guide for Journalists 2017: This is a thorough guide towards securing all of your tech devices so that you can be as guarded as possible. There are many of these floating around, and I will post others, but they reached out to me, and it seems that there is much here that everyone could benefit from different sections. The guide was written by Michael Dagan, and hosted on the website VPN Mentor.
Pro Publica: This is an independent newsroom that operates as a 501(c)(3). The organization was developed by and is led by Paul Steiger, and is primarily funded by Herb Sandler, but they receive contributions from a number of other sources. They employ around 50 investigative journalists that are paid very well - each works around a beat and develops stories, some of which they publish, and some of which are published, for no cost, in other publications. They have won three Pulitzer's and many other awards, to date.
The Intercept: This is an online magazine that is the main hub of First Look Media, founded and funded by eBay creator Pierre Omidyar. Glenn Greenwald, Jeremy Scahill, and Betsy Reed are the editors, and it employs some of the most resourceful journalists I've read over the years. Overall, I think this is the most accurate team of investigative journalists working today.
Quanta Magazine: This is an online only science magazine - the best in the industry, in my opinion. The stories are generally for more advanced readers than most, but unbelievable interesting, if you can get into the sciences. There aren't any ignored sciences, but they are one of the few that really get into mathematics, physics and computer science and AI. They are part of the Simons Foundation publications, which is a New York based funder of research. This organization is doesn't really have any relationships with organizations outside of science, and seem very benevolent and philanthropic.
Aeon Magazine: This online only magazine leans towards longform essays that are philosophical, but still relevant, and not difficult to read. I love the story selection. They operate as a non-profit organization, by Paul and Brigid Hains. David is the son of one of the wealthiest hedge-fund investors in Australia. They are based in London, and have offices in New York and Melbourne. There was speculation in 2012 that the organization would turn into a for-profit venture, but it hasn't, as of May 2017.
Quartz Media: They are a website only media company that I often hear about being perpetually profitable. As I understand it, they are fairly innovative technologically, and create things that are easy and cut costs for journalists. Therefore, it is valuable to watch them. Their story selection is very good, although, be aware that they are also profitable because they, like their owners Atlantic, write some sponsored content.
Projects and Tools
Rbutr: This is a chrome extension that shows a given article's rebuttals in the corner of the page, for interested readers. The two-part process of having users both submit and vote on the quality provides the founding team to remain neutral on controversial subjects, and prevents spamming to overtake certain articles, since quality still wins out over quantity.
The Truth Engine: Richard Crist, Ph.D in Philosophy, has developed the conceptual framework for a project to take controversial issues and argue them, and use the best arguments for the development of a book, to which the issue is re-argued, and the book is re-written and -issued. I have worked closely with this project but do not explain it the best. Crist has authored two books, one, a work of fiction, that explains the goal and methodology of the argumentation, and the other, the first controversy book.
Blendle: This is an app/website designed to revamp paywalls so that a person may read for a micro-one-time charge. I've been invited to test the beta-version, and there's a number of the most widely-distributed magazines and newspapers. The set-up is very nice, and the program, if big enough, may change how digital media will be distributed.
Factmata: This is a project based out of England that will soon be offering a Chrome extension, though what it will accomplish I'm not yet sure. They do have funding from the Google News Initiative and a promising group of computer scientists and developers. It is expected to be an AI-based fact-checking service. This section will be updated once the product is release.
Congressional Dish: This podcast is an awesome one I found extemporaneously. Jen Briney reads all to most of the (U.S.) bills going through Congress and releases an update as to the making of the bill, some of the repercussions, and some of the minutiae slapped onto the ends of bills. This is a very original and great podcast.
Dan Carlin's Common Sense: Carlin does two podcasts, one, usually a 5 hour podcast on a certain pivotal war or period in history, called Hardcore History, and this one, the less famous one. This is a look at politics that I seem to agree with the most, and seems to bring in the most angles. It is produced one to two times a month. It seems, for the most part, non-partisan.